Kraemer, Hendrik, Dutch Reformed missiologist, lay theologian and ecumenical leader, born Amsterdam, Netherlands, 17 May 1888, died Driebergen, 11 November 1965.

Kraemer studied Javanese in Leiden before working for the Dutch Bible Society in Indonesia (1922-1937). He was professor of the history and phenomenology of religion at Leiden University (1937-1947) and first director of the Ecumenical Institute in Bossey (1948-1955). His Christian Message in a Non Christian World (1938) prepared for the International Missionary Council meeting in Madras, was very influential. Kraemer was an excellent linguist with a deep understanding of Islam, of the importance of independent churches, the role of the laity, and the encounter between God and man in the midst of social and religious crises.

John Roxborogh